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Entanglement phase transition under continuously monitored dynamics ‌in many-body localized systems

December 12, 2023 @ 17:30 - 17:45 CET

K. Yamamoto1, R. Hamazaki2

1Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan

2Nonequilibrium Quantum Statistical Mechanics RIKEN Hakubi Research Team, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, RIKEN iTHEMS, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan

Localization, which is typically induced by disorder, is an exotic phenomenon where a quantum state fails to spread over the entire Hilbert space. Recently, measurement is utilized as another mechanism to localize a quantum state in nonunitary quantum circuits and continuously monitored systems, which exhibit novel quantum phenomena dubbed measurement-induced phase transitions (MIPTs). However, while both the disorder and the measurement localize the wave function and suppress the entanglement spreading, it is still not clear whether they exhibit the same localization properties.

In this talk, we study the localization properties of continuously monitored dynamics and associated MIPTs in disordered quantum many-body systems on the basis of the quantum trajectory approach [1]. By calculating the fidelity between random quantum trajectories, we demonstrate that the disorder and the measurement can lead to dynamical properties distinct from each other, although both have a power to suppress the entanglement spreading. In particular, in the large-disorder regime with weak measurement, we elucidate that the fidelity exhibits an anomalous power-law decay before saturating to the steady-state value. Furthermore, we propose a general method to access physical quantities for quantum trajectories in continuously monitored dynamics without resorting to postselection. It is argued that this scheme drastically reduces the cost of experiments. Our results can be tested in ultracold atoms subject to continuous measurement.

  1. K. Yamamoto and R. Hamazaki, Phys. Rev. B 107, L220201 (2023)


December 12, 2023
17:30 - 17:45 CET
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